ARTHUR AYLWORTH (1) Born probably
in England or Wales, about 1656, and died a resident of Kingstown, Rhode
Island, between November 7, 1723, (date of codicil to his will), and September
13, 1726, (when his will was proved).
The opinion prevails, founded on tradition, that Arthur Aylworth left
England on account of religious troubles. His childhood and youth must
have been in the troublous times of Charles II. What part his father or
other relatives took, if any, in the contests of that day may never be
learned. According to tradition, his relatives were adherents of
the Cromwell party and some were officers in his army.
He came to America from England, or Wales, before July 29, 1679, on
which date, at "Kings Town," he and forty-one others, of Narragansett,
signed a petition to the King, praying the King "would put an end to these
differences about the government thereof, which had been as fatal to the
prosperity of the place; animosities still arising in people's minds, as
they stand attached to this or that government" (that is, of Rhode Island,
or Connecticut, both of which claimed jurisdiction). Of special interest
regarding this petition is the fact that another signer, Richard Smith,
Jr., was from Gloucestershire, England, and had been a major in Cromwell's
army. This information strengthens the theory that Arthur Aylworth's home
in England had been Gloucestershire.
September 6, 1687, he was taxed 3s., 5 l/2d September 21, 1697, he deeded
certain land to Henry Tibbets. He was appointed to some kind of inspectorship,
February 6, 1698-9. In May, 1699, he was elected rate maker, and viewer
of fences, and supervisor of highways, June 5, 1699.
The record of his will, at Wickford, Rhode Island, is in such poor condition
that many words are missing, but from what remains, it is known that the
bequests were as follows in abstract:
To my son Philip, all real and personal estate, including my farm.
If he die without issue, my son Chad shall enjoy said farm. If he die without
issue, said farm shall descend to the male heirs of my son Robert. To eldest
son Robert, five pounds. To my son Arthur, three pounds. To my son Chad
Aylworth half of my personal estate and forty pounds. To my eldest daughter
Mary Green (Three?) pounds (number illegible). To my daughter. Elizabeth
T(hree?) ditto. To my daughter Katherine Three pounds and one
feather bed and bedding. To my daughter Martha Three pounds and a bed and
bedding. Which several bequests my son Philip shall pay, and he be sole
executor of my will.
The codicil makes certain changes in bequests of personal property and
bedding. An inventory of his personal estate included carpenter's and farm
tools, cooking utensils, a pair of worsted combs, sheep, lambs, cows, heifers,
steers, geese, fowls, a churn, etc. Receipts are found which were given
by Robert, Arthur, John and Chad Aylworth for their legacies, also John
Green for his wife, Mary; Peleg Card for his wife, Elizabeth, and John
Davis for his wife Martha.
Notice that the name at this time was spelled Aylworth. Later the "e"
and the "s" were added at different times by different branches of the
family. Arthur Aylworth married Mary Brown, of Providence, Rhode Island,
who evidently died before her husband. She was the daughter of the Reverend
John and Mary (Holmes) Brown, and granddaughter of The Reverend Chad Brown,
and of the Reverend Obadiah Holmes
Children: (exact order not known)
Robert (2), married May 20, 1708, Ann Davis; died before February 25,
Arthur (2), of whom further.
John (2), married Dorcas Jones; died before May 15, 1771.
Philip (2), born in 1692; married Rachel Greene.
Jediah or Chad (2), born in 1696; married (first) November 15, 1725,
Elizabeth Major; (second)
before 1749, Mary Wood;
died before May 22, 1773.
Thomas (2), mentioned in Sylvester Aylsworth's "Register" (1840) as
"deaf and dumb had no issue."
He evidently died before the date of his father's
Mary (2), eldest daughter; married, before the date of her father's
will, John Green.
Elizabeth (2), married (first), before the date of her father's will,
Mr. Dolliver; (second), before November 23, 1726, Peleg Card.
Katharine (2), married Mr. Green.
Martha (2), married, before December 1, 1727, John Davis.
ARTHUR AYLWORTH, JR. (2) Ancestry:
Arthur I -- Born, probably, at Quidnesset, in the town of North Kingstown,
Rhode Island, about 1684 or 1685, and died, probably, in what is now West
Greenwich, Rhode Island, between July 4, 1761, date of his will, and August
1, 1761, when it was probated, "aged 76 years."
Before June 29, 1723, he removed from North Kingstown to that part of
East Greenwich which now lies within the limits of West Greenwich. He bought
of William Wanton, June 22, 1724, for the sum of L100, three hundred and
twenty acres of land, it being the "31st farm in 3d or last division,"
and was recorded as a farmer and innkeeper, also a carpenter. Drovers from
Saybrook, Connecticut, named Elsworth or Ellsworth, often stopped at the
inn. Abel (a grandson of Arthur, Jr., son of Judiah) often heard them talk
with his grandfather concerning the possibility of their relationship.
Another interesting story is told by this Abel. He says his grandfather,
Arthur Aylworth, warned him never to drop the Y from the name because his
was the original Welsh name and never mixed blood with the Danes. He took
the boy, held up his hand, looked through between the first and second
fingers of his right hand, and told him never to leave out the Y as long
as he could see the two fingers.
While working in a hayfield, Arthur Aylworth was taken sick on a Thursday
and died the following Sunday. His will was signed "Arthur Aylworth." The
will does not mention his children, James, John and Dimmis, but does mention
a grandson, John Phillips, and a granddaughter, Edey Whitman. The inventory
of his personal estate amounted to L672
The tradition existing among some of his descendants, that his wife,
Mary Franklin, was "an aunt of Benjamin Franklin" is not verified by any
record found. If, as is supposed, the reference is to the well known Benjamin,
the Philadelphia printer and author of "Poor Richard's Almanac," the tradition
is not substantiated by the family chart made by Benjamin Franklin's own
hand, wherein he names seven brothers and one sister of his father, Josiah;
the sister being Hannah, born in 1654, who married John Morris. The seven
brothers of Josiah, and, therefore, uncles of Benjamin, were Thomas, Samuel,
"A son, name lost, died young," "A son, name forgot, died young," John,
Joseph and Benjamin. The said tradition also comes from Abel Aylsworth,
who, when seventy-nine years of age, states that he "was named Abel by
his grandmother, called Aunt Mary, the wife of Arthur, and was so named
for her brother, Abel Franklin, the uncle of Benjamin Franklin."
Arthur Aylworth married, according to the Aylworth Genealogy, no other
record found, Mary Franklin, who, though younger than her husband. predeceased
Children: (Order of the first six not known)
Philip (3), of whom further.
David (3), married March 8, 1741-2, Martha Franklin, daughter of James
Franklin, of Scituate; died between August 9, 1791, and the last MondaY
in November. 1791.
James (3), married February 8, 1733, Mary Wood, and had a child: Eddy
(4), born March 5, or 15, 1733-4;
probably married Mr. Whitman, and may be the granddaughter
Edey Whitman mentioned in the above named will.
John (3), married April 19, (year missing in record), Ann Reynolds,
daughter of Samuel Reynolds.
*Judiah or Chad (3), married (first) April 1, 1745, Ruth Draper; (second)
March 11, 1764, Mrs. Rosanna (Edwards) Stafford; died at Pownal, Vermont,
in July, 1800.
Freelove (3), married July 29, 1740, John Tenant.
Dimmis (3), born January 22 or June 22, 1725; married (first) Mr. Phillips:
(second) Mr. Travis.
Austis or Anstress (3), born November 22, 1727; married a Colvin.
Barbara (3), born June 13, 1729; married January 30, 1747, Jonathan
* Revolutionary War soldier, served in Rhode Island. His
descendents are eligible for DAR membership.
PHILIP AYLWORTH (3) Ancestry: Arthur
2, Arthur 1 -- Born, probably in North Kingstown, Rhode Island; married,
about 1734, Elizabeth, whose surname is not known; and died, a resident
of Coventry, Rhode Island, on, or after, November 14, 1789, on which date
he "old and feeble" made his will May 29, 1742, his father deeded to him
land in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, but in 1745-6 he removed from there
to Coventry, Rhode Island. Records list him as yeoman.
His will mentions "My Homestead farm whereon I now Live, part Lying
in said Coventry and part in West Greenwich, . . . my Right in the narrow
Lane Saw mill, . . . my Right to the fourteenth Lot Lying in the Grait
Grass pond Swamp . . . Called the freeborn Lot and the one half of the
thirteenth Lot Lying in said Swamp Called the Bates Lot and all my Right
in the Easternmost Lot in said Swamp Called the Picket Lot." The legatees
named were his wife, Elizabeth, daughters Hannah Aylsworth and Marcy Aylsworth;
sons, Benjamin, Philip and James; three daughters, Freeborn Wells, Sarah
Aylsworth and Cory. These three were to have one half, and his son, James,
the other half of "my Right in the Susquehannah purchases." His daughter,
Hannah, was named as sole executrix.
Children: (first two recorded in East Greenwich, next four in
West Greenwich, and last four in Coventry)
Benjamin (4), born February 6, 1734-5; married (first) Mary Parker;
(second) Molly Eldredge, who died in
Milford, Otsego County, New York; died in Washington
County, Virginia, about 1810.
Philip (4), of whom further.
John (4), born November 23, 1738: probably married and left descendants.
Freelove (4), born January 7, 1741; married November 15, 1761, James
James (4), born April 3, 1743; married (first) Rhoda Jenks, (second)
Phebe (4), born November 15, 1744.
Sarah (4), born November 11, 1746; married March 26, 1765, son of Philip
and Rachel (Greene) Aylworth.
Hannah (4), born December 15, 1748; married June 24, 1793, Captain
Mercy (4), born October 2, 175(); unmarried.
Elizabeth (4), born December 21, 1752; married Mr. Corey, and resided
at Plainfield. Connecticut.
PHILIP AYLWORTH, JR. (4) Ancestry:
Philip 3, Arthur 2, Arthur 1 -- Born in East Greenwich, Rhode Island,
June 7, 1737, and died in Milford, Otsego County, New York, about 1809-10.
Land in Coventry, Rhode Island, was deeded to him by his father, February
12, 1761, and in the latter's will, twenty-eight years later, he states
"I give and bequeath to beloved Son Philip Aylsworth five Shillings in
Silver money the Reason why I Give my said Son Philip no more is because
he hath already Received his proportion in my Estate."
Philip Aylworth, Jr, settled in Coventry, as appears from various real
estate transfers. He sold land there, in 1766, 1769 and 1777, and in West
Greenwich, in 1765, 1776-7. To these deeds, he signed his name as Aylworth.
He removed to Pownel, Vermont, and later to Milford, Otsego County, New
He married, ceremony performed by Philip Greene, Justice, at West Greenwich,
June 14, 1762, Martha Slocum, who was born in West Greenwich, Rhode Island,
March 9, 1744-5, died, at the residence of her son, Samuel, in the town
of Butternuts, Otsego County, New York, in July, 1822, and was buried at
South New Berlin. New York.
Children: (exact order not known)
John (5), of whom further.
Phebe (5), born "about 1765"; married, before 1787, at the age of nineteen
Hannah (5), married David Arnold.
William (5), married, before 1796, Phebe Brownell.
Benjamin (5), born August 2, 1774; married August 2, 1796, Elizabeth
Mumford; died at Milford, New York,
February 2, 1861, aged eighty-seven years; his will was
proved in Otsego County, April 15, 1861.
Ira (5), born November 5, 1780; married Margaret Roach, from New Jersey;
died in Clovesville,
Delaware County, New York, April 10, 1845.
Sally (5), born about 1785; married, before 1813, Rufus Harrington;
died at Davenport, Delaware County,
New York. about 1866.
Samuel (5), born November 22, 1787; married December 1 7, 1809, Mary
NOTE: The line of Samuel is continued in
the book "Caleb Sheldon Butts Aylesworth" by Owen R. Aylesworth
JOHN AYLWORTH (5) Ancestry: Philip
4, Philip 3, Arthur 2, Arthur 1 -- Born in Kent County, Rhode Island, about
1763-4, and died at Milford, Otsego County, New York, probably, about 1810.
He was a farmer and resided for a time at Pownal, Vermont, and later at
Milford, New York. After his death his widow and children removed, in 1815,
to either Ashland County or Wayne County, Ohio, or perhaps near the line
separating these two counties.
He married, perhaps at Pownal, Vermont, about 1784, Elizabeth
Humphrey, ancestry unknown; that she was possibly a daughter, or a sister
of an Ira Humphrey, is suggested by the name of one of her sons.
Children: (born in Vermont and in Otsego County, New York)
Esther (6), born about 1785; married Justus Wells.
Ira Humphrey (6), born in Vermont, June 3, 1786; married (first) in
1810, Esther Gray; (second) in 1849,
Mrs. Oliver Williams; removed to Wayne County, Ohio, in
October, 1816, where he was a justice of the
peace; died at Wooster, Wayne County, Ohio, April 24,
Polly, or Mary (6), married Zelotes Bills; resided at Clarence Hollow,
Erie County, New York.
Philip (6), of whom further.
Reuben (6), married, at Buffalo, New York, February 1, 1818, Clarissa
Hodge; resided at Monroe,
Michigan; died in May, 1826.
Eunice (6), married Porter Seward.
Martin (6). Probably died young.
Diantha (6), married Samuel Chase.
Giles (6), of whom further.
PHILIP AYLESWORTH (6) Ancestry:
John 5, Philip 4, Philip 3, Arthur 2, Arthur 1 -- Born in Otsego County,
New York, in 1793, and died in Wayne County, Ohio, June 27, 1866. In the
spring of 1815 he removed to Wayne County, Ohio, with his wife and two
year old son, John. "He settled a short distance northwest of Dogtown,
on eighty acres which he entered from the Government, and the family had
to camp out until he put up a cabin, 16 x 18 feet, with stick and mud chimney
and puncheon floor. He remained on this place for six years, then sold
it, and removed to the farm where Mr. Carl now (1878) lives, which he bought
of Elder French, paying $500 for fifty acres. Here he lived until about
1830, in the meantime buying the balance of the quarter, one hundred and
ten acres, all of which he then sold and moved to where John Aylesworth
now (1878) lives.
Philip Aylesworth married, in Otsego County, New York, in 1811 or 1812,
Mary Gray, sister of the wife of his brother, Ira Humphrey, and daughter
of James Gray, of Massachusetts.
Children: (first one born in Otsego County, New York, others
in Wayne County, Ohio)
GILES AYLESWORTH (6) Ancestry: John
5, Philip 4, Philip 3, Arthur 2, Arthur 1 -- Born in Milford, Otsego
County, New York, May 28, 1807; moved to Ohio in 1815 with his mother and
acquired some education there. Married Mary Jones in Wayne County, Ohio,
March 24, 1831; died near Hebron, Porter County, Indiana, June 29, 1880,
having settled there
John (7), of whom further.
Alvira (7), of whom further.
Ira (7), of whom further.
Aurilla or Ortilla (7), of whom further.
Elliott (7), married Caroline Priest; resided at Big Prairie, Ohio;
died October_, 1857.
Electa (7), married Washington Porter who was a soldier in the Civil
War; resided at La Clede,
Vinn County, Missouri; died , 1864.
Eli (7), died in his twenty-first year; unmarried.
Eunice (7), married John Au; resided in Mansfield. Ohio.
in 1842. He was the first one of the name to move
on west from Ohio and locate in Porter County.
Years of hard labor against great odds appears to have been the
chief factor in this decision to move westward. Ohio had been entirely
solvent before she contracted for a system of canals which became out-moded before they were finished by the new railroads. "Pet Banks" of
Andrew Jackson's time encouraged speculation and all greenbacks became
worthless. Then came the panic of 1837. Giles migrated west with two wagons,
household goods tools, grubbing hoe, axe and musket, five children and
Mary, his wife. With $2,000.00 in gold which had been sealed in a false
bottom of a dinner bucket he bought the farm which is the present family
Arvilda (7), born _, 1832; died _, 1848
Porter (7), of whom further.
Agnes (7), born _, 1836; died _, 1848
Jones (7), born _, 1838; died _. 1848
Thomas (7), of whom further.
Adaline (7), of whom further.
Irvin (7), of whom further.